Wood residues from forestry work and wood processing are usually processed to wood chips. These can be used in different ways, depending on the type of wood, bark and residual moisture, for example as raw material for chipboards or as substrate for the cultivation of mushrooms. The major part, however, is used for energy generation. The quality of the wood chips can vary significantly, depending on their origin and condition. Trade and industry are interested in the percentage of dry matter and in the calorific value of the chips as the price calculation depends on the water contents of the product. With the analysis result representing an important economic factor, the representative and reproducible sample preparation gains importance, too.